Although the Labour Office of the German High Commissioner had increased the activity of hiring manpower to be sent to the Reich, carried out by the Provincial Employment Offices, the workers’ response fell short of expectations. The Supreme Commissioner, while continuing to maintain that recruitment should take place on a voluntary basis, forced people already employed in companies not connected to the war economy to move to the Reich. In addition, on 29 November 1943 Rainer called up certain age groups for compulsory war service, and then for labour service, with call-up papers sent by mail, on 5 March, 30 July and 14 September 1944. In the summer of 1944, many of those called up who had chosen to join Organisation Todt to be employed in the shipyards on the coast were forcibly sent to Germany. However, the majority of the manpower sent forcibly to the Reich was made up of thousands of men and women captured during the urban roundups and, above all, during the dragnets aimed at taking partisans in the coastal villages and towns, on the karst plateau, in the countryside, valleys and mountain communities.

by Sara Bergamasco

Roundups on the ‘Adriatic coast’

Dragnets on the ‘Adriatic coast’